CD56+ CD8+ /CD8- NK Cell Isolation Kit, human

CD56
+
CD8
+
/CD8
-
NK Cell Isolation Kit
, human

The CD56
+
CD8
+
/CD8
NK Cell Isolation Kit was developed for the isolation of CD56
+
CD8
+
and CD56
+
CD8
NK cells from PBMCs by sequential sorting.
CD56
+
CD8
+
NK cells have been shown to have stronger cytotoxic function compared to their CD8
counterparts.

Background information

NK cells can be divided into several subsets according to functional and phenotypic differences. CD56
+
CD8
+
NK cells represent approximately 3%, CD56
+
CD8
NK cells about 4% of all PBMCs in healthy donors. Both NK cell populations differ in the presence of homodimeric CD8 formed by two α-chains. Expression of CD8α/α on NK cells appears to be of significance as the CD56
+
CD8
+
subset was shown to have a stronger cytotoxic function compared to its CD8
counterpart.
1

Detailed separation procedure

The isolation of both NK cell subsets is performed in a two-step procedure. First, non-NK cells are labeled with a cocktail of biotin-conjugated antibodies and Anti-Biotin MicroBeads und subsequently depleted by separation over a MACS® Column, which is placed in the magnetic field of a MACS Separator. In the second step, the pre-enriched cells are labeled with CD8 MicroBeads and separated over a second column.
Either the non-labeled CD56
+
CD8
NK cells or the labeled CD56
+
CD8
+
NK cells can be isolated, using an LD Column or an MS Column, respectively. For isolation of both subsets from one sample, the flow-through of the MS Column is further separated over an LD Column.

Downstream applications

Cells isolated using the CD56
+
CD8
+
/CD8
NK Isolation Kit can be used, for example, for phenotypical and functional characterization of NK cell subsets, for the analysis of receptor expression, cytokine secretion, or cell-cell interaction with other cells of the innate and adaptive immune system. Isolated NK cells are also used to study the role of NK cells in diseases, e.g., hepatitis infection or cancer, as well as during pregnancy.

Columns

For the first magnetic separation (depletion): LS or autoMACS® Columns. For the following positive selection of CD56
+
CD8
+
NK cells: MS or autoMACS Columns. For the isolation of CD56
+
CD8
NK cells: LD or autoMACS Columns.
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