DB105 recognizes the CD44 antigen. CD44 is a marker for many types of cancer stem cells (CSC), including breast CSCs that possess higher tumorigenicity and metastatic potential, colorectal, pancreatic, and prostate CSCs. In addition, expression was observed in several cancers as well as on carcinoma cell lines. Here, CD44 plays a role in cancer cell migration and matrix adhesion in response to a cellular microenvironment, thus enhancing cellular aggregation and tumor cell growth. CD44 is also expressed on mesodermal cells, such as hematopoietic, fibroblastic, and glial cells.
Reagent can be used for immunophenotyping by flow cytometry. Abnormal numbers of cells expressing this antigen or aberrant expression levels of the antigen can be expected in some disease states. It is important to understand the normal expression pattern for this antigen and its relationship to expression of other relevant antigens in order to perform appropriate analysis.
Expression of CD44 may be used as aid to diagnostic in the characterization of samples from individuals suspected with hematologic neoplasia.
CD44s, EMCR III, H-CAM, Pgp-1